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You searched for: creator:"Philip A. Harland"
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[audio]Podcast 6.12: Jesus Groups as Associations and Cultural Minorities, part 2 - Philip A. Harland
Here I continue to discuss groups of Jesus followers in Asia Minor with case studies of 1 Peter and Revelation (John's Apocalypse), focussing on both indications of identity construction or maintenance and signs of assimilation or acculturation.
Keywords: 1 Peter; new testament; early christianity; acculturation; assimilation; identity
Downloads: 7,762
[audio]Podcast 1.6 Paul and the followers of Jesus at Corinth, part 3 - Philip A. Harland
This episode concludes the discussion of followers of Jesus at Corinth with a focus on Paul's response to the situation (in 1 Corinthians). Here we see Paul's education in Greco-Roman methods of rhetoric or argumentation. Paul's arguments for unity and against divisions provide a clear example of deliberative rhetoric, comparable to political speeches by the likes of Dio Chrysostom. This episode is part of series one ("Paul and his Communities") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podc...
Keywords: early christianity; new testament; 1 corinthians; apostle paul; christian origins; ancient judaism; greco-roman world; dio chrysostom; deliberative rhetoric; bible
Downloads: 15,127
[audio]Podcast 2.11: Hebrews' Portrait of Jesus - Highpriest Melchizedek, part 2 - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss the way in which the book of Hebrews portrays Jesus both as highpriest Melchizedek and once for all sacrifice (part 2 of 2). In particular, I explore the ways in which this author is saturated by the Hebrew scriptures and influenced by Platonic philosophy. This is the final episode in series 2 ("Early Christian Portraits of Jesus") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; judaism; christian origins
Downloads: 13,601
[audio]Podcast 5.13: Jesus as Healer and Exorcist - Philip A. Harland
Here I investigate the historical Jesus within the context of contemporaries who were viewed as healers and exorcists in first century Galilee and Judea. This is part of series 5 (The Historical Jesus in Context) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: historical jesus; healing; miracles; early christianity; exorcism; exorcist
Downloads: 11,400
[audio]Podcast 2.1 Introduction to the Gospels as Portraits of Jesus - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss some introductory issues regarding the gospels, including their status as ancient biographies or portraits of Jesus and the literary relationships among the synoptic gospels. This sets the stage for an historical and literary study of portraits of Jesus in Mark, Matthew, Luke, and John. This episode is part of series two ("Early Christian Portraits of Jesus") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast, which is connected with the blog of the same name at
Keywords: Jesus; early christianity; ancient biographies; gospels; synoptic gospels; ancient history; christian origins
Downloads: 17,107 4.00 out of 5 stars4.00 out of 5 stars4.00 out of 5 stars4.00 out of 5 stars(1 review)
[audio]Podcast 6.13: Cultural Minority Associations and Ethnic Stereotypes, part 1 - Philip A. Harland
This and the following episode explore ethnic stereotypes as they impacted associations of Judeans and Jesus-followers, placing these groups within the context of ethnic rivalries. In this episode, I discuss common negative stereotypes about Judeans found within writings of the elites, particularly the Roman Tacitus and the Greek Egyptian Apion.
Keywords: Jews; Judeans; ethnic rivalry; Judaism; identity; stereotypes; sociology
Downloads: 6,675
[audio]Podcast 8.8 Internal Functions Of The Rhetoric Of Satan In Paul And John - Philip A. Harland
Here I introduce Paul's apocalyptic worldview and go on to discuss the way in which some early Christian authors or leaders (e.g. Paul and the elder John) used the language or rhetoric of Satan or evil personified figures (e.g. Antichrist) to label and combat internal opponents within the Christian communities.
Keywords: ancient history; early christianity; satan; devil; antichrist; ancient judaism; apostle paul; johaninne epistles
Downloads: 3,822
[audio]Podcast 7.1: Visions of the End - What is Apocalypticism? - Philip A. Harland
In this first episode I begin to define apocalypticism with reference to (1) a worldview or ideology focused on an imminent end of the world, (2) social groupings that live out that worldview, and (3) a type writing or genre of literature (e.g. the book of Daniel in the Hebrew Bible and John's Revelation.in the New Testament). This is part of series 7 (Visions of the End: Apocalypticism) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: apocalypticism; apocalyptic; armageddon; ancient judaism; early christianity; end of the world; millenialism; millenarian
Downloads: 7,801
[audio]Podcast 2.6: Luke's Portrait of Jesus - Prophet Elijah (part 1) - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss how the gospel of Luke portrays Jesus as a prophet like Elijah, which also entails presenting Jesus as a saviour to the poor and marginalized of society (part 1 of 2). In this first part, I provide some important background for understanding this two volume work, Luke-Acts, both as ancient biography and as ancient history-writing.
Keywords: early Christianity; new testament; bible; gospel of luke; gospels; jesus; ancient history; christian origins; early christianity
Downloads: 14,569
[audio]Pocast 7.5: Origins part 3b - Israelite Prophets 2 - Philip A. Harland
Here I continue to discuss the importance of the prophets in the Hebrew Bible for the subsequent development of apocalypticism, dealing with Zechariah and Isaiah 24-27 (sometimes known as the "Apocalypse of Isaiah)
Keywords: prophets; apocalyptic; apocalypticism; apocalypse; zechariah; isaiah
Downloads: 7,012
[audio]Podcast 3.4: Docetic and Judaizing Opponents of Ignatius, part 2 - Philip A. Harland
Here I conclude the discussion of Ignatius by discussing his Judaizing opponents, who advocated certain Jewish beliefs and practices. I also deal with Ignatius' strategies in combating groups he considered heretical. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; christian origins; new testament; bible; ignatius of antioch; heresies; history
Downloads: 13,037
[audio]Podcast 1.4: Paul and the followers of Jesus at Corinth, part 1 - Philip A. Harland
This fourth episode is part one of three that look at the followers of Jesus at Corinth through Paul's letter known as 1 Corinthians in the New Testament. After discussing the city of Corinth, I go on to consider the history of Paul's interactions with these Christians, which was characterized by rocky relations. Then we delve into the situation among the Corinthians that led Paul to write his letter, primarily the issue of social and religious divisions within the Jesus groups at Corinth (in 1 ...
Keywords: early Christianity; christian origins; apostle paul; 1 corinthians; corinth; greco-roman world; judaism; ancient history
Downloads: 18,157
[audio]Podcast 5.15: Jesus as a Messianic King? - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss first-century Judean concepts relating to an anointed one, or messiah, particularly a kingly messiah, and discuss contemporary figures who were viewed as kings. This is part of series 5 (The Historical Jesus in Context) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: jesus; early christianity; messiah; king; judaism
Downloads: 9,556
[audio]Podcast 3.11: Secret Book of John, part 1 - The Spiritual Realm - Philip A. Harland
Here I begin to explain the worldview of the Apocryphon of John, one of the Nag Hammadi writings (part 1 of 2). Like other writings in that collection, this author makes a clear distinction between the perfect spiritual realm, also known as the "fullness", and an inferior material realm created by a jealous god or "ruler" (archon). In this episode I describe the perfect spiritual realm and the process of emanations from the perfect "Invisible Spirit" or "Father".
Keywords: early Christianity; ancient history; nag hammadi; apocryphon of john; gnosticism; platonism
Downloads: 14,401
[audio]Podcast 6.6: Approaches to Studying Ethnic Associations and Identities - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss concepts of identity, assimilation, and other sociological and anthropological tools for studying immigrant groups or ethnic associations in the ancient context, preparing the way for an investigation of Phoenician, Judean, and other immigrant groups or cultural minorities. This is part of series 6 (Associations in the Greco-Roman World) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: associations; christianity; judaism; immigrants; identity; ethnicity; ethnic groups; roman empire; sociology; anthropology
Downloads: 7,753
[audio]Podcast 4.6: Honouring the Emperors as Gods - Philip A. Harland
Here I explain emperor worship and the various types of honours for the emperors as gods, including imperial cults at the provincial, civic, and local levels in Asia Minor. This is part of series 4 (Honouring the Gods in the Roman Empire) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: emperor worship; imperial cults; greco-roman religions
Downloads: 12,892
[audio]Podcast 1.7: Paul and the situation in Galatia - Philip A. Harland
This episode looks at the situation in Galatia that led Paul to write his letter in the mid-first century (part 1 of 2). After Paul left this region of Asia Minor, certain leaders of the Jesus movement had passed through and discovered Gentiles (non-Judeans) who were not circumcized, despite the fact they thought they belonged to this Judean (Jewish) movement. Here I explore the rationale of these opponents of Paul who advocated circumcision as an entrance requirement into the movement and as a ...
Keywords: new testament; apostle paul; galatia; galatians; bible; early christianity; christian origins; ancient judaism; greco-roman world; ancient mediterranean; jesus movement
Downloads: 15,292
[audio]Podcast 3.8: Jewish Followers of Jesus, part 2 - Pseudo-Clement - Philip A. Harland
Here I continue to explore Jewish followers of Jesus by examining key passages in an apocryphal novel attributed to Clement of Rome, also known as the Pseudo-Clementine writings. In particular, an opening letter claiming to be written by Peter to James and the story of Peter's debates with Simon Magus (a cipher for Paul) provide glimpses into struggles between Jewish followers of Jesus and others, including Pauline forms of Christianity...
Keywords: early Christianity; pseudo-clementine; apocrypha; paul; peter; bible; new testament; early christianity; christian origins; judaism
Downloads: 12,834
[collection]Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean Podcast - Philip A. Harland
The Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast (by Philip A. Harland, York University) explores social and religious life in the Greco-Roman world, especially early Christianity including the New Testament. Half-hour episodes are released monthly in the official podcast feed but are available earlier here on archive.org. These episodes are not scripted; most are edited versions of improvised lectures from point-form notes...
Downloads: 43,005
[audio]Podcast 8.11 The Jealous Creator And The Serpent Of Wisdom In Gnosticism - Philip A. Harland
Here I examine "On the Origin of the World" (one of the writings found at Nag Hammadi), which attributes to the creator God (Yaldabaoth) of the Hebrew Bible many of the negative attributes and motivations found in developing stories about Satan.  The result is a Satanic creator god and a wise serpent in the garden who brings knowledge (gnosis) and salvation.
Keywords: satan; demiurge; gnosticism; gnosis; yaldabaoth; ancient judaism; early christianity; serpent; genesis
Downloads: 296
[audio]Podcast 5.14: Jesus as Prophet - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss first-century Judean concepts of the prophet and place Jesus within the context of other figures who were viewed as prophets. This is part of series 5 (The Historical Jesus in Context) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: historical jesus; early christianity; judaism
Downloads: 11,504
[audio]Podcast 2.3: Mark's portrait of Jesus - Suffering Son, part 2 - Philip A. Harland
This concludes the discussion of how Jesus is portrayed in the narrative of the gospel of Mark, namely as the secretive and suffering Son of God (part 2 of 2). This episode is part of series two ("Early Christian Portraits of Jesus") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast, which is connected with the blog of the same name at
Keywords: bible; gospels; new testament; mark; ancient history
Downloads: 13,805
[audio]Podcast 3.15: The Gospel of Philip, part 2 - Ritual Enactments of Salvation - Philip A. Harland
Here I finish the discussion of the Gospel of Philip by focusing on the way in which notions of salvation were enacted in the practices of the followers of Jesus who used this writing. In particular, rituals such as the "bridal chamber" illustrate the connections between sex (as a metaphor) and salvation in the mindset of this author. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early christianity; gospel of philip; nag hammadi; gnosticism; bridal chamber
Downloads: 12,187
[audio]Podcast 3.5: Diversity in Asia Minor - A Regional Case Study - Philip A. Harland
Here I use the region of Asia Minor (Turkey) as a case study that allows me to outline various strands and styles within Christianity in the first and second centuries. I then go on to outline our approach to studying the worldviews and practices of Christian groups and "heresies" in the second and third centuries. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; new testament; bible; christian origins; paul; history; ancient history; religion
Downloads: 13,248
[audio]Podcast 7.9: Daniel's Visions as Veiled History - Philip A. Harland
Here I further explore the first-person visionary account in Daniel chapters 7-12, our earliest example of an historical apocalypse as veiled history.
Keywords: apocalypse; apocalypticism; end of the world; judaism; christianity; daniel; antiochus epiphanes
Downloads: 2,358
[audio]Podcast 8.5 Fallen Angels In 1 Enoch (ca. 225 BCE) - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss 1 Enoch's expanded story of the fallen angels headed by Azazel and Semyaz (based an interpretation of Genesis 6), which came to play a crucial role in the emerging story of Satan.
Keywords: Satan; devil; 1 enoch; fallen angels; ancient Judaism; early Christianity; Genesis; flood; Hebrew Bible; ancient history; apocalypticism
Downloads: 4,736
[audio]Podcast 8.9 A Satanic Empire In John's Apocalypse - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss Satan in John's Apocalypse (Revelation), pointing out how this author pulls together many strands of the story of Satan and does so to demonize an external power: the Roman empire.
Keywords: Satan; the Devil; John's Apocalypse; Revelation; early Christianity; ancient Judaism; ancient history; Roman empire; apocalypticism
Downloads: 2,515
[audio]Podcast 6.5: Associations and the Roman Empire - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss the relation between associations and the Roman empire, including Roman authorities and the emperors. This is part of series 6 (Associations in the Greco-Roman World) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: associations; Roman empire; Christianity; Judaism; imperial cults; honors
Downloads: 7,909
[audio]Podcast 1.2: The Situation at Thessalonica - Philip A. Harland
This second episode looks at the situation among followers of Jesus at Thessalonica in Macedonia in the mid-first century. Considering the ethnic and social makeup of the earliest Christians, this episode also discusses two main problems faced by these followers of Jesus: “afflictions” and the death of fellow-followers of Jesus. This prepares the way for episode three, which will look at how Paul responds to this situation in his letter, known as 1 Thessalonians in the New Testament...
Keywords: history, Christianity, early christianity, christian origins, new testament, judaism, apostle paul, greco-roman world; Paul; Thessalonica; 1 Thessalonians; New Testament; Christian origins
Downloads: 19,684
[audio]Podcast 1.8: Paul's response to the Galatians - Philip A. Harland
This second episode on Paul's letter to the Galatians looks at Paul's response to the situation involving opponents that were advocating circumcision. I discuss the apocalyptic rationale behind Paul's notion that circumcision was not an entrance requirement for Gentiles to belong to the Jesus groups. In the process, I also begin to deal with Paul's complicated positions regarding the Torah (the law) and its relation to non-Judeans...
Keywords: early Christianity; new testament; bible; christian origins; ancient judaism; greco-roman religions; apostle paul; galatia; judaism
Downloads: 15,272
[audio]Podcast 8.6 Mastema In Jubilees And Beliar In The Dead Sea Scrolls - Philip A. Harland
Here I continue to trace the development of evil personified figures in Judean literature around the turn of the first century BCE, focussing on Mastema (Enmity personified) and Beliar or Belial (Worthless One).  I also discuss the Princes of Darkness and of Light in the Dead Sea Scrolls.
Keywords: Satan; Judaism; devil; beliar; belial; mastema; jubilees; dead sea scrolls; early christianity; ancient history
Downloads: 4,741
[audio]Podcast 2.2: Mark's portrait of Jesus - Suffering Son (part 1) - Philip A. Harland
Here I consider how Jesus is portrayed in the narrative of the gospel of Mark, namely as the secretive and suffering Son of God (part 1 of 2). I discuss Mark's use of literary irony in connection with the secrecy issue and cover critical points at which Jesus' identity comes to the fore in this ancient biography written for a Gentile (non-Judean) audience. This episode is part of series two ("Early Christian Portraits of Jesus") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast, which is con...
Keywords: Jesus; Gospels; early christianity; christian origins; bible; new testament; ancient history; gospel of mark
Downloads: 15,226
[audio]Podcast 3.10: Introducing Gnostic Worldviews - Philip A. Harland
Here I set the stage for the study of specific Nag Hammadi and related writings by outlining in broad terms some common denominators or assumptions in the range of worldviews traditionally labeled "gnostic". This includes discussion of the Middle Platonic assumptions of many authors. I also deal with the importance of knowledge (gnosis) in the understanding of how salvation from the material realm, which was created by an inferior god, takes place...
Keywords: early christianity; ancient history; gnosticism; gnostic; christian origins; plato; platonic philosophy; nag hammadi
Downloads: 14,923
[audio]Podcast 8.7 The Devil And Beelzebub In The Synoptic Gospels - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss how the authors of the synoptic gospels portray Jesus in conflict with demons and with the Devil.
Keywords: satan; devil; beelzebub; early christianity; ancient history; ancient judaism; gospel of mark; gospel of Luke
Downloads: 4,185
[audio]Podcast 1.9: Paul and the situation at Rome - Philip A. Harland
This episode looks at the situation at Rome in the mid-first century that led Paul to write the letter to the Romans, now in the New Testament. In particular, I delve into the purposes in Paul writing and his focus on what he sees as ethnic divisions between Greeks and Judeans in the groups of Jesus-followers. It appears that certain Greek or Gentile followers of Jesus were looking down upon Judean Jesus-followers who were concerned with following the law, including avoidance of foods associated...
Keywords: early Christianity; bible; new testament; apostle paul; romans; judaism; christian origins
Downloads: 15,011
[audio]Podcast 3.16: The Gospel of Mary - Secret Knowledge from the Ultimate Disciple - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss this dialogue gospel in which Mary Magdalene is presented as Jesus' favorite disciple and the instructor of true knowledge. I explore notions of salvation in terms of the ascent of the soul, as well as the way in which this writing reflects struggles among different groups of Jesus-followers. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; women; gnosticism; mary; gospel of mary
Downloads: 14,427
[audio]Podcast 6.1: Introduction to Associations in the Greco-Roman World - Philip A. Harland
In this first episode of the series, I discuss our evidence for associations and guilds in the Greco-Roman world and outline the various types of these groups, including family-based, occupation-based, neighbourhood-based, and ethnic-based groups. This is part of series 6 (Associations in the Greco-Roman World) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: associations; guilds; social history; roman empire; greco-roman world; hellenistic; religion; early christianity; ancient judaism
Downloads: 9,945
[audio]Podcast 6.3: Judean and Christian Groups as Associations - Philip A. Harland
Using Josephus and Philo as a starting point, here I discuss how people in the ancient world, including Judeans (Jews), Christians, and others, sometimes expressed the identities of Judean synagogues and Christian congregations in terms of association-life. Although peculiar in some respects, Judean and Christian groups can be studied alongside other associations in the Greco-Roman world. This is part of series 7 (Associations in the Greco-Roman World) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterrane...
Keywords: associations; guilds; social history; roman empire; greco-roman world; hellenistic; religion; early christianity; ancient judaism
Downloads: 9,957
[audio]Podcast 6.9: Judean Immigrant Associations, part 1 - Philip A. Harland
This episode introduces Judean (Jewish) associations or synagogues in the Greek cities of the Roman empire and begins to consider evidence in Josephus' Judean Antiquities regarding the first century BCE. This sets the stage for other episodes on the archeological and epigraphic evidence regarding Judean immigrant groups in the Roman era. This is part of series 6 (Associations in the Greco-Roman World) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: Jewish diaspora; judeans; roman empire; greco-roman religion; josephus; acculturation
Downloads: 7,536
[audio]Podcast 4.3: Salvation from the Gods - Asklepios at Pergamon (Pergamum) - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss the way in which people in Roman times believed that gods saved them in their daily lives, focusing on the case of the healing sanctuary of Asklepios (Asclepius) at Pergamon (Pergamum). This is part of series 4 (Honouring the Gods in the Roman Empire) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: asklepios; asclepius; aesculapius; healing; roman empire; ancient religion; greco-roman religion; asclepieium; asklepieion; pergamum; asia minor
Downloads: 12,370
[audio]Podcast 1.12: Legacies of Paul - Women's leadership, part 2 - Philip A. Harland
This final episode in series 1 concludes the discussion of the Acts of Paul and Thecla in relation to the Pastoral epistles, addressing the ways in which Paul was used within debates about womens' leadership in second century groups of Jesus-followers. This is the final episode in series 1. Series 2 will take an historical and literary look at the gospels in terms of "Portraits of Jesus in Early Christianity"...
Keywords: early Christianity; history; Christian origins; new Testament; bible; acts of paul and thecla; pastoral epistles; 1 timothy; 2 timothy; titus; women; greco-roman society; ancient history; roman empire
Downloads: 15,236
[audio]Podcast 8.2 Predecessors of Satan from Canaan And Israel - Philip A. Harland
This episode continues to consider the centrality of the "combat myth" for the subsequent origins of Satan, considering Ugaritic (Canaanite) and Israelite examples of a god slaying a chaos monster, such as Leviathan.
Keywords: Satan; personified evil; cultural history; religion; canaanite religion; israelite religion; leviathan; rahab; combat myth; satan; devil; ancient judaism; early christianity
Downloads: 5,535
[audio]Podcast 2.10: Hebrews' Portrait of Jesus - Highpriest Melchizedek, part 1 - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss the way in which the book of Hebrews portrays Jesus both as highpriest Melchizedek and once for all sacrifice (part 1 of 2). This is part of series 2 ("Early Christian Portraits of Jesus") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: new testament; bible; early christianity; hebrews; melchizedek; judaism
Downloads: 14,134
[audio]Podcast 3.2: A Schism in John's Community, part 2 - Philip A. Harland
Here I continue to delve into the opponents in John's epistles (part 2 of 2). These epistles provide evidence of an early Christian schism over how to view Jesus' humanity. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; bible; new testament; heresies; christian origins
Downloads: 12,966
[audio]Podcast 3.1: Introduction to Diversity - A Schism in John's Community, part 1 - Philip A. Harland
Here I delve into the issue of diversity in early Christianity by using the opponents in John's epistles as a starting point (part 1 of 2). These epistles provide evidence of an early Christian schism over how to view Jesus' humanity. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; New Testament; Bible; Gospel of John; Epistles; history
Downloads: 14,190 5.00 out of 5 stars5.00 out of 5 stars5.00 out of 5 stars5.00 out of 5 stars5.00 out of 5 stars(1 review)
[audio]Podcast 5.6: Jesus, Galilee, and Israelite History, part 1 - Until the Second Temple - Philip A. Harland
This and the following episode place Jesus and Galilee within the broader context of Israelite history. This episode begins with the Assyrian period (700s BCE) and concludes with the Persian period, with the construction of the second temple (ca. 500 BCE). This is part of series 5 (The Historical Jesus in Context) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: historical jesus; israelite history; galilee; judea
Downloads: 13,002
[audio]Podcast 6.10: Judean Immigrant Associations, part 2 - Philip A. Harland
This episode continues the discussion of Judean immigrant associations, turning to archeological evidence for assimilation and integration in the Roman era. This is part of series 6 (Associations in the Greco-Roman World) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: jewish; judean; immigrants; roman empire; greco-roman world; religion; jewish diaspora; josephus; asia minor
Downloads: 7,755
[audio]Podcast 3.12: Secret Book of John, part 2 - Salvation from the Material Realm - Philip A. Harland
Here I continue to explain the worldview of the Apocryphon of John, particularly its notions regarding the material realm, the inferior creator god (demiurge), and salvation from this realm. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; gnosticism; nag hammadi
Downloads: 13,365
[audio]Podcast 4.5: Justice from the Gods in Lydia - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss the active role of the gods in punishing transgressors by focusing on indigenous practices in the region of Lydia, particularly the propitiation or confession inscriptions. This is part of series 4 (Honouring the Gods in the Roman Empire) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: confession inscriptions; propitiation; lydia; phrygia; roman empire; greco-roman religion; gods
Downloads: 12,050
[audio]Podcast 8.10 Jealous Satan And The Serpent In The Life Of Adam And Eve - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss the expanded story of Adam and Eve that emerged around the turn of the common era as a way of explaining the motivations of Satan (primarily jealousy) in connection with both the creation of humans in the image of God and the serpent in the garden.
Keywords: Satan; Devil; Life of Adam and Eve; ancient Judaism; early Christianity; ancient history
Downloads: 227
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